Articles About Vonu

Below, you will find a few articles discussing Rayo and the strategy he brought to the forefront, vonu. Click the “continue reading” link to view the rest of the articles.


Tom Marshall: Innovator
A Week in the Wilderness
By: Benjamin Best

I first met Tom Marshall in Los Angeles in 1967. A tall, slender and bespectacled electrical engineer, he was in many ways a picture of what is commonly recognized as a “nerd.” He was what you might call inhibited and at a loss for “small talk.” He had an element of formality about him, even in casual social situations, but it wasn’t severe. He was much more at ease exchanging information or making plans for action. (Continue reading)


The Mystery Man of the Libertarian Movement
By: R.W. Bradford

In February 1964, Tom Marshall began publication of Innovator, “a newsletter of applied philosophy.”

Each month, Innovator’s four pages of tiny type contained an astonishing array of ideas and information about freedom: its meaning, its implications, how it works, how to get it. Innovator was more than simply a monthly forum for the nascent libertarian movement, more than a calendar of news and events, more than a place for libertarians to strut their stuff: it was a lifeline to isolated libertarians. (Continue reading)


Libertarians and Coercivists
By: El Ray (A.K.A “Rayo” and Tom  Marshall)

A libertarian is a person who holds (for whatever reason) that no one has the right to use coercion (initiate the use of physical force or threat thereof).

Most libertarians hold that one may use physical force in self-defense and/or retaliation against coercion; distinguishing between coercion and non-initiated force appropriate to a situation.

The opposite of a Libertarian is a Coercivist, a generic term for persons who inflict or advocate coercion. (Continue reading)


Vonu! The Search for Personal Freedom?
A Book Report by Kyle Rearden

People are looking for solutions to the tyranny they live in their own lives. Reformism offers nothing by false hopes and broken promises, which does little else other than drive individuals further into despair. Any tactic or strategy of direct action, even if only experimental, gives a sense of purpose for those who are willing to take the plunge by giving it a real effort, preferably by documenting their results. (Continue reading)

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